https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Marley-concert_palace64.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Marley-3.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/bob_marley24.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Bob-Marley47.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Bob-Marley27.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Bob-Marley-24kt-Gold-LP-Record-LTD-Edition.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/marley-hollywood-star.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Kaya-Gold-LP-Record-Award.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Jam-Order_of_Merit.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Bob-Marleys-star-on-the-Hollywood-Walk-of-Fame.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Album-Uprising.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Album-Survival.jpeg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Album-RastamanVibration.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Album-legend.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Album-Kaya.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Album-Exodus.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Album-Confrontation.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Album-Catch-A-Fire-1.jpg
https://bobmarleythelegend.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Album-Babylon-By-Bus.jpg

REGGAE MUSIC

A short (about 20 years) but what an incredible career?

  

Reggae Music

Some of many awards Won by Bob Marley.


REGGAE


 

Bob Marley the Reggae Legend

Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica. Reggae may be used in a broad sense to refer to most types of Jamaican music, including ska, rocksteady, dub, dancehall and ragga. The term may also be used to distinguish a particular style that originated in the late 1960s. Reggae is founded upon a rhythm style which is characterized by regular chops on the back beat, played by a rhythm guitarist and known as the “bang”, and a bass drum often hitting on the third beat of each measure, known as “one drop.” Characteristically, this beat is slower than in reggae’s precursors, ska and rocksteady. Reggae is often associated with the

Rastafari movement, which influenced many prominent reggae musicians in the 1970s and 1980s. However, the subject matter of reggae songs deals with many subjects other than Rastafari, with love songs, sexual themes and broad social commentary being particularly well-represented.


Origins


 

Its origins can be found in traditional African Caribbean music as well as US and R&B. Ska and rocksteady are 1960s precursors of reggae. In 1963, Jackie Mittoo, pianist with the ska band The Skatalites was asked to run sessions and compose original music by record producer Coxsone Dodd at his Studio One record studio.

Mittoo, with the help of drummer Lloyd Knibbs, turned the traditional ska beat into reggae, slowing the rhythm down in the process. Bob Marley, who popularized reggae worldwide, also recorded rocksteady records early in his career. By the late 1960s reggae was already getting radio play in the UK on John Peel’s radio show.

It is thought that the word “Reggae” was first used by the Ska group Toots and the Maytals, who coined the phrase in the title of their hit Do the Reggay in the early sixties.


Styles


 

In Jamaica however, new styles are nowadays becoming more popular, among them, dancehall and ragga (also known as raggamuffin). Mixing techniques employed in dub, an instrumental sub-style of reggae, influenced Hip hop, drum and bass and other styles. The toasting or dee jaying first used by artists such as U-Roy and Dillinger had a world-wide impact because Jamaican DJ Kool Herc used them as he pioneered a new style that subsequently became hip hop or rap music. In the Jamaican sense of the word, a “DJ” is an “MC” or rapper, whereas the term “DJ” describes the music selector in the US. Therefore what is called dee jaying, toasting or chatting in Jamaica is called rapping in most other parts of the world.


Roots


 

Roots is the name given to specifically Rastafarian reggae music. It is a spiritual type of music, whose lyrics are predominantly in praise of Jah (God). The songs often include the exclaimation “Rastafari”, meaning ‘Prince Tafari’, which refers to the birth name of Haile Selassie of Ethiopia – the religious symbol for God incarnate among the Rastafari movement.

Recurrent lyrical themes include poverty and resistance to government oppression. The creative pinnacle of roots reggae is arguably in the late 1970s, with singers such as Johnny Clarke, Horace Andy, Barrington Levy, and Lincoln Thompson teaming up with studio producers including Lee ‘Scratch’ Perry, King Tubby, and Coxsone Dodd. The experimental pioneering of such producers within often restricted technological parameters gave birth to dub music, and is seen by some music historians as one of the earliest (albeit analogue) contributions to the development of techno.

Roots reggae was an important part of Jamaican culture, and whilst other forms of reggae have replaced it in terms of popularity in Jamaica (Dancehall for instance), roots reggae has found a small, but growing, niche globally.


Reggae Genres


 

Reggae

The term “Reggae” is, in a proper sense, only supposed to cover the period in Jamaican music from 1969 to 1979 or 1985 (depending on how you look at it).

However, in today’s vernacular the term has come to refer to all Jamaican music from the development of Ska in the early sixties up until today. Rather than create a more confusing “List of Genres of Jamaican music but not Jamaican R&B or Mento” article it is therefore pertinent to keep everything under the Reggae name whether it warrants it or not.

 

The genres are listed in roughly chronological order. 

Ska

is the first major local Jamaican genre, flourishing from 1961 or 62 to around 1966. It is characterized by a fast, syncopated rhythm guitar stroke, driving horns and boogie-style stand-up bass. Many people associate the term mainly with 1980s British Two Tone ska revival, which was a mixture of ska and punk attitude. Major ska artists include Laurel Aitken (The Godfather Of Ska), Derrick Morgan, Prince Buster and The Skatalites.

Rocksteady

is a slower musical style, in time between ska and early reggae (ie. between 1966 and 68). Besides the low pace its main feature is the electric bass, which takes on the position of lead instrument with intricate melodies and a high position in the mix. Rocksteady is also known for its Impressions-styled vocal harmonies. Major artists include Alton Ellis,

The Paragons and Desmond Dekker.

Early reggae or Skinhead Reggae

is generally considered to be the period before the Rastafari movement entered mainstream Jamaican music from 1968 to 1970. It can be distinguished from rocksteady by the slightly

faster beat marked out by the drummer using the hi-hat, heavy organ lines, lower mixing of the bass and electronically doubled rhythm guitar stroke. It met great success in the UK especially with the skinhead youth movement. Major artists include John Holt and Toots and the Maytals, The Pioneers.

 

Nyabhingi

is a roots subgenre related to the Rastafarian grouping of the same name. It’s characterized by hand-drumming derived from religious ceremonies. Well known artists are Count Ossie or Ras Michael and the Sons of Negus.

 

Dub

 is an instrumental genre built around the application of electronic equipment on existing recorded tracks. Its sound (built around individual instrumental tracks changing volume, appearing, disappearing, all while various effects and filters are applied to them) has proven very influential on modern dance music. Major artists include King Tubby, Lee “Scratch” Perry and Scientist. 

 

DJ

is the Jamaican precursor to hip hop, based on Deejays (Jamaica’s emcees) toasting (talking) over instrumental tracks or riddims. Famous deejays from before the dancehall era include U-Roy, Big Youth and King Stitt. 

Roots reggae

is perhaps the best-known form of reggae today, with its Rastafarian message. Early reggae production is further developed with electronics and influences from contemporary western music. Although largely supplanted in the popular imagination by Dancehall in 1979, the style continues even today as a minority underground genre. Bob Marley is the internationally most famous exponent of the style, but Horace Andy, Black Uhuru and The Abyssinians are also well known. 

Dancehall,

starting in 1979, is characterized by stripped-down, spacious productions, prominent basslines and the inclusion of dub-style effects, often coupled with bawdy ‘slackness’ lyrics. The genre spawned a new generation of Jamaican stars, including Barrington Levy, Yellowman and Eek-a-Mouse. 

Ragga, or raggamuffin,

is electronic dancehall music. Beginning under producer Prince Jammy in 1985, the genre originally was produced on simple casio keyboards but eventually other synthesizers have been added. Super Cat, Shabba Ranks and Charlie Chaplin are some of the well-known artists of the eighties and early nineties. 

 

Modern dancehall

is today’s ragga music, with advanced synthesizers and hip-hop influences. Major artist include Beenie Man, Bounty Killer and Sizzla.

 

Reggae Artists

 

List of reggae musicians

This is a list of Reggae musicians. This includes artists who have either been very important to the genre, or have had a considerable amount of exposure (such as in the case of one that has been on a major label, but not limited to such). Bands are listed by the first letter in their name (not including the words “a”, “an”, or “the”), and individuals are listed by last name.

 

A

  • ·         Abyssinians (The)
  • ·         Adams, Glen
  • ·         African Brothers
  • ·         Aggrovators (The)
  • ·         Aitken, Bobby
  • ·         Aitken, Laurel
  • ·         Alcapone, Dennis
  • ·         Alexander, Monty
  • ·         Alpha & Omega
  • ·         Alphonso, Roland
  • ·         Almamegretta
  • ·         Alpha Blondy
  • ·         Althea & Donna
  • ·         Andy, Bob
  • ·         Andy, Horace
  • ·         Anthony B
  • ·         Antidoping
  • ·         Apache Indian
  • ·         Arzu
  • ·         Ascher
  • ·         Ashanti Waugh
  • ·         Aswad

B

  • ·         Baba Brooks
  • ·         Backyard Dog
  • ·         Banton, Patom
  • ·         Banton, Buju
  • ·         Banton, Buru
  • ·         Barker, Dave
  • ·         Beat (The)
  • ·         Beatsquad
  • ·         Beckford, Keeling
  • ·         Beckford, Stanley
  • ·         Beckford, Stanley
  • ·         Beckford, Theophilius
  • ·         Beenie Man
  • ·         Bennett, Jo Jo
  • ·         Big Joe
  • ·         Big Mountain
  • ·         Big Youth
  • ·         Black Slate
  • ·         Blackstones
  • ·         Black Uhuru
  • ·         Blue Busters
  • ·         Bolo, Yami
  • ·         Boothe, Ken
  • ·         Born Jamericans
  • ·         Boswell, George
  • ·         Bounty Killer
  • ·         Bovell, Dennis aka Blackbeard
  • ·         Brentford All Stars
  • ·         Broggs, Peter
  • ·         Brooks, Cedric “Im”
  • ·         Brooks, Mike
  • ·         Brown, Barry
  • ·         Brown, Dennis
  • ·         Brown, Ras Sam
  • ·         Bunny General
  • ·         Bunny Lion
  • ·         Burning Spear
  • ·         Bushman
  • ·         Byles, Junior

C

  • ·         Cables (The)
  • ·         Campbell, Al
  • ·         Campbell, Cornell
  • ·         Candyman
  • ·         Capital Letters
  • ·         Capleton
  • ·         Carlos, Don
  • ·         Carlton & The Shoes
  • ·         Chalice
  • ·         Chantells (The)
  • ·         Chaplin, Charlie
  • ·         Charmers, Lloyd
  • ·         John Chibadura
  • ·         Christafari
  • ·         Cimarons (The)
  • ·         Clarendonians (The)
  • ·         Clarke, Augustus “Gussie”
  • ·         Clarke, Johnny
  • ·         Cliff, Jimmy
  • ·         Clint Eastwood
  • ·         Cocoa T
  • ·         Collins, Ansell
  • ·         Congos (The)
  • ·         Count Ossie
  • ·         Count Owen
  • ·         Crystalites (The)
  • ·         Culture
  • ·         Cultural Roots
  • ·         Cutty Ranks

D

  • ·         Dandy aka Brother Dan Allstars
  • ·         Davis, Carlene
  • ·         Davis, Anthony “Sangie”
  • ·         Daara J
  • ·         Daddy Freddy
  • ·         Daddy Yod
  • ·         David Jahson
  • ·         Tonton David
  • ·         Degree (reggae)
  • ·         Chaka Demus & Pliers
  • ·         Demus, Junior
  • ·         Delgado, Junior
  • ·         Dekker, Desmond
  • ·         D-Flame
  • ·         Dill Brothers
  • ·         Dillinger
  • ·         Dillon, Phyllis
  • ·         Dobson, Dobbie
  • ·         Dr Alimantado
  • ·         The Drastics
  • ·         Donaldson, Eric
  • ·         Dodd, Coxsone
  • ·         Don Juan
  • ·         Don Ugly
  • ·         Don Yute
  • ·         Dr Ring-Ding & the Senior All-Stars
  • ·         Drummond, Don
  • ·         Dub FX
  • ·         Dub Judah
  • ·         Dunkley, Errol

E

  • ·         Earl Sixteen
  • ·         Eccles, Clancy
  • ·         Edwards, Jackie
  • ·         Edwards, Rupie
  • ·         Eek a Mouse
  • ·         Elephant Man
  • ·         El General
  • ·         Ellis, Alton
  • ·         Ellis, Hortense
  • ·         Errol Scorcher
  • ·         Ethiopians (The)

F

  • ·         Fashek, Majek
  • ·         Francis, Winston
  • ·         Fraser, Dean
  • ·         Fred Locks
  • ·         Ford, Brinsley
  • ·         Frisco Kid

G

  • ·         Gad, Pablo
  • ·         Ganglords
  • ·         Ganjaman & Junior Randy
  • ·         Gardiner, Boris
  • ·         Gaylads (The)
  • ·         General Grant
  • ·         General Levy
  • ·         Gentleman
  • ·         Gladiators (The)
  • ·         Goofy
  • ·         Gordon, Vin
  • ·         Grant, Eddy
  • ·         Grant, Ricky
  • ·         Gray, Owen
  • ·         Gregory, Steve
  • ·         Griffiths, Marcia
  • ·         Groundation

H

  • ·         Haji Mike
  • ·         Half Pint
  • ·         Hammond, Beres
  • ·         Harriott, Derrick
  • ·         Heptones (The)
  • ·         Hibbert, Lennie
  • ·         Higgs, Joe

 

  • ·         Hinds, Justin
  • ·         Hippy Boys (The)
  • ·         Holt, John
  • ·         Honorebel
  • ·         Hudson, Keith
  • ·         Hunt, Clive

I

  • ·         Ijahman Levi
  • ·         In-Crowd (The)
  • ·         Inner Circle
  • ·         I-Roy
  • ·         I-Threes
  • ·         Intacapanna Sound System
  • ·         Irons, Devon
  • ·         Issacs, Gregory
  • ·         Israel Vibration
  • ·         Itals (The)
  • ·         Iyashanti

J

  • ·         Jack Radics
  • ·         Jackson, Carlton
  • ·         Jah Lloyd
  • ·         Jah Olela
  • ·         Jah Ruby
  • ·         Jah Shaka
  • ·         Jah Stitch
  • ·         Jah Thomas
  • ·         Jah Woosh
  • ·         Jah-zz
  • ·         Jamaica Papa Curvin
  • ·         Jarrett, Winston
  • ·         Jayzik
  • ·         J.J. Sparks
  • ·         Jolly Brothers (The)
  • ·         Judge Dread
  • ·         Junior C
  • ·         Junior Cat

K

  • ·         Kaliroots
  • ·         Kamoze, Ini
  • ·         Keith & Tex
  • ·         Kelly, Junior
  • ·         Kelly, Pat
  • ·         Kiddus I
  • ·         King, Diana
  • ·         Kingstonians (The)
  • ·         King Jammy
  • ·         King Sounds
  • ·         King Stitt
  • ·         King Tubby
  • ·         Knowledge
  • ·         Kulcha Don

L

  • ·         La Diva
  • ·         Lara, Jennifer
  • ·         Lee, Byron
  • ·         Levy, Barrington
  • ·         Lewis, Hopeton
  • ·         Lexxus (Mr Lexx)
  • ·         LKJ
  • ·         Lindo, Willie
  • ·         Lion Zion
  • ·         Lisa M
  • ·         Little Dread
  • ·         Little Lenny
  • ·         Little Roy
  • ·         London Jimmy
  • ·         Lone Ranger
  • ·         Lord Creator
  • ·         Louie Rankin
  • ·         Lt. Stitchie
  • ·         Luciano
  • ·         Lucky Dube

M

  • ·         Macka B
  • ·         Mad Cobra
  • ·         Mad Lion
  • ·         Mad Professor
  • ·         Malcolm, Carlos
  • ·         Mantadors (The)
  • ·         Marcony
  • ·         Marley,Bob
  • ·         Marley, Damian
  • ·         Marley, Ky-Mani
  • ·         Marley, Rita
  • ·         Marley, Stephen
  • ·         Marley, Ziggy
  • ·         Marshall, Larry
  • ·         Marhsall, Wayne
  • ·         Massilia Sound System
  • ·         Matisyahu
  • ·         Matumbi
  • ·         Max-A-Million
  • ·         Maxi Priest
  • ·         Maytals (The)
  • ·         Maytones (The)
  • ·         McCook, Tommy
  • ·         McGregor, Freddie
  • ·         MC Navigator
  • ·         Meditations (The)
  • ·         Melodians (The)
  • ·         Merciless
  • ·         Merger
  • ·         Michigan & Smiley
  • ·         Mickey Dread
  • ·         Midnite
  • ·         Mighty Diamonds (The)
  • ·         Mighty Threes (The)
  • ·         Militant Irie
  • ·         Militant Barry
  • ·         Miller, Jacob
  • ·         Millie
  • ·         Mills, Rudy
  • ·         Minott, Sugar
  • ·         Misty in Roots
  • ·         Motto, Jackie
  • ·         Morgan, Derrick
  • ·         Morgan Heritage
  • ·         Morwells (The)
  • ·         Moses, Pablo
  • ·         Moat, Judy
  • ·         Mr Vegas
  • ·         Murvin, Junior
  • ·         Mudie Allstars (The)
  • ·         Mundell, Hugh
  • ·         Mutabaruka
  • ·         Myton, Cedric

N

  • ·         Nando Boom
  • ·         Nardo Ranks
  • ·         Nawal
  • ·         Nèg’Marrons
  • ·         Nicodemus
  • ·         Ninjaman

O

  • ·         …of a revolution (O.A.R.)
  • ·         ObeyJah
  • ·         Okusuns, Sonny
  • ·         Onuora, Oku
  • ·         Opel, Jackie
  • ·         Osbourne, Johnny

P

  • ·         Pablo, Augustus
  • ·         Pablove Black
  • ·         Papa Biggy
  • ·         Papa Dee
  • ·         Papa San
  • ·         Paragons (The)
  • ·         Parker, Ken
  • ·         Parks, Lloyd
  • ·         Paul, Frankie
  • ·         Paul, Sean
  • ·         Penn, Dawn
  • ·         Perry, Lee “Scratch”
  • ·         Peter Metro & Dominic
  • ·         Pierpoljak
  • ·         Pinchers
  • ·         Pioneers (The)
  • ·         Planet Ganja 3
  • ·         Prince Allah
  • ·         Prince Brothers
  • ·         Prince Buster
  • ·         Prince Far I
  • ·         Prince Hammer
  • ·         Prince Jazzbo
  • ·         Prince Lincoln
  • ·         Prince Mohammed
  • ·         Princesse Erika
  • ·         Prophet, Michael
  • ·         Pylots (The)

Q

 

R

  • ·         Ranglin, Ernest
  • ·         Ranking, Joe
  • ·         Ranking Trevor
  • ·         Raggadeath
  • ·         Raggasonic
  • ·         Rastafarians (The)
  • ·         Ras Ites
  • ·         Ras Michael
  • ·         Ras Midas
  • ·         Rayvon
  • ·         Rebel, Tony
  • ·         Red Rat
  • ·         Reid, Junior
  • ·         Reggae Cowboys
  • ·         Reggae Regular
  • ·         Regg’Lyss
  • ·         Revolutionaries (The)
  • ·         Rhythm & Sound
  • ·         Richards, Roy
  • ·         Riley, Jimmy
  • ·         Rocker-T
  • ·         Rodriguez, Rico
  • ·         Romeo, Max
  • ·         Rondo, Gene
  • ·         Root Awakening
  • ·         Roots Radics (The)
  • ·         Roots Syndicate (The)
  • ·         Ross, Junior
  • ·         Royals (The)
  • ·         Rudies (The)
  • ·         Rose, Michael
  • ·         Rude Girl (La Atrevida)
  • ·         Ruffa

S

  • ·         Saï Saï
  • ·         Salento Posse
  • ·         Scientist
  • ·         Scotty
  • ·         Seeed
  • ·         Sensasciou
  • ·         Shabba Ranks
  • ·         Shaggy
  • ·         Shark Wilson & The Basement
  • ·         Heaters
  • ·         Sherman, Bim
  • ·         Shinehead
  • ·         Shirley, Roy
  • ·         Shorty The President
  • ·         Silk, Garnett
  • ·         Silvertones (The)
  • ·         Sinbad
  • ·         Sinsemilia
  • ·         Sister Charmaine
  • ·         Sizzla
  • ·         Slightly Stoopid
  • ·         Sly and Robbie
  • ·         Smart, Leroy
  • ·         Smiley Culture
  • ·         Smith, Michael

 

  • ·         Smith, Slim
  • ·         Smith, Wayne
  • ·         Snow
  • ·         Sons of Negus (The)
  • ·         Sons of Selassie (The)
  • ·         Soul Brothers (The)
  • ·         Soul Syndicate
  • ·         Spanner Banner
  • ·         Speedyman & Yasta
  • ·         Spence, Barrington
  • ·         Spiderman
  • ·         Spragga Benz
  • ·         Steel Pulse
  • ·         Steely & Clevie
  • ·         Stephens, Richi
  • ·         Sterling, Lester
  • ·         StillRiver
  • ·         Sublime
  • ·         Sud Sound System
  • ·         Super Cat
  • ·         Superman
  • ·         Swing-A-Ling Sound System
  • ·         Symarip (The)

 

T

  • ·         Taitt, Lynn
  • ·         Tapper Zukie
  • ·         Techniques (The)
  • ·         Tekila Boom Boom
  • ·         Tennors (The)
  • ·         Tenor Fly
  • ·         Tenor Saw
  • ·         Terror Fabulous
  • ·         Third World
  • ·         Thomas, Nicky
  • ·         Thompson, Lincoln
  • ·         Thompson, Linval
  • ·         Thriller U
  • ·         Tippa Irie
  • ·         TOK
  • ·         Toots & the Maytals
  • ·         Tosh, Andrew
  • ·         Tosh, Jawara
  • ·         Tosh, Peter
  • ·         Tradition
  • ·         Trinity
  • ·         Twinkle Brothers (The)

U

  • ·         UB40
  • ·         U Brown
  • ·         Upsetters (The)
  • ·         U-Roy

V

  • ·         Viceroys (The)
  • ·         Velvet Shadows (The)

W

  • ·         Wailer, Bunny
  • ·         Wailing Souls (The)
  • ·         Walker, Sylford
  • ·         Walks, Dennis
  • ·         Washington, Delroy
  • ·         Ward 21
  • ·         Warrior King
  • ·         Washington, Delroy
  • ·         Welton Irie
  • ·         Whorl-A-Girl
  • ·         Williams, Willi
  • ·         Wilson, Delroy
  • ·         Wright, Winston

X

 

Y

  • ·         Yabby You
  • ·         Yellowman

Z  

  • ·         Zap Pow
  • ·         Benjamin Zephaniah
  • ·         Earl Zero

.

BobMarleyTheLegend.com